Book Giveaway and Q&A: Nuala O’Connor ‘Joyride to Jupiter’

I am delighted to welcome back Nuala O’Connor for a Q&A session on her new collection of short stories, the wonderfully titled Joyride to Jupiter. (Check out other interviews with O’Connor  here and here).

Thank you, Nuala, for having me as part of the Virtual Book Tour for Joyride to Jupiter and to New Island Books for offering one lucky reader a fab ‘jupiter’ purse and a signed copy the book. See below to enter!

Many congratulations on the wonderful reviews that this book is getting including the Sunday Times saying that your “language is clean and conscientious as well as poetic and lyrical”. You also gave a great radio interview on RTE’s Arena.

Shauna: Let’s start right away with the title story ‘Joyride to Jupiter’ first published in the anthology Town and Country, New Irish Short Stories (Faber & Faber). It has a very powerful ending which I won’t name because people should really read the story. For me it wasn’t just about Teresa’s Alzheimer’s; it also spoke of the depths of relationships, and what it means to love someone – who that ‘some’ one is – and the lengths people can go to so that person remains.

There has always been a softness about Teresa and me. Some couples look like they’d break each other in bed but not us; we always left our spiky selves at the bedroom door.

Nuala: I started to write that story on a long bus trip in Croatia, five years ago. I had bought an eyeshadow called ‘Joyride to Jupiter’ in Zagreb and the gorgeous, zingy name of it was looping around in my head, begging to be used. The first line came to me and I wrote and wrote on that bus. About a month after that, in Little Rock Arkansas of all places, I met an Irish wolfhound called Mary Kate and she gets a mention because, like all writers, I’m constantly accruing details from the world around me and I’m on particularly high alert when I go abroad. So the story was written and honed over that summer, with the central relationship blossoming and earthing as I wrote.

I’d seen a TV programme about spousal carers of people with dementia and one elderly man talked about the way his wife’s face lit up when they made love. Her mind was gone but her body remembered that joy and I found it very moving. So, in the story, the couple’s physical relationship is still important but, of course, an inevitable chasm has opened, complicated by Mr Halpin’s self-focus and lack of control.

My loved ones are ageing – I’m ageing – so it’s a subject matter that’s become fascinating to me.

Shauna: I was particularly moved by ‘Room 313’ which I found spoke to me as much about powerlessness as power, interchanged by a sexually charged kiss on the neck. I felt that it was the type of story that had to be told in the second person, a perspective which often works in your stories, and indeed, in your first novel You. Can you comment on that?

Nuala: I’m a big fan of the second person voice. My writing steers naturally into it and I often stop myself using it – in favour of the first person – because I don’t want to wear out readers’ patience with me. ‘Oh here she goes again with her second person POV…’ I shouldn’t care.

For me it’s a seductive POV and clearly it’s integral to me as a writer, maybe because I had early success with it. I find it a very natural way to tell a story, a very Irish way, which has a lot to do with the fact that it’s both intimate and at a remove. The narrator is at a small distance but uses the cajoling, close voice of a confidante, inviting the reader to get on board. It’s like a voice in your ear, which is how all good fiction should be. Second person makes the reader walk the tightrope with the narrator, there’s a sense of being suspended between reality and fiction, with an added abyss below. It suits those urgent, melancholic stories like ‘Room 313’.

Shauna: Much of your collection deals with female desire and sexuality. For example, generational attitudes in the story ‘Mayo Oh Mayo’ where the protagonist is judged by her grandmother for displaying her affair with a married American man – ‘Walking him down Main Street like a prize bull.’ There’s a touch of sadness or perhaps it’s more that the protagonist is yearning for something. Tell me about the process in writing this story which skips over time and flits from place to place as much as the narrator’s feelings waiver for Conrad, ‘this man of America’ who is ‘well put together’.

Nuala: The first process was that I had a deadline. Granta wanted something for its Irish issue and I had been dithering with this story while writing a novel. That is to say, I had an opening paragraph featuring the moon, a star and a lake. Suddenly I had to write the rest and finish it. There’s nothing like a deadline to light a fire under your arse.

So, as the story is set in Knock, I drove to Mayo and walked around, taking photos and gathering as much detail as I could. I hadn’t been in Knock in years and found it as kitschy and weird as ever. I have a mild obsession with the Blessed Virgin Mary, which I thought I was over, but clearly not – she makes a few appearances in this book.

The story is about Siobhán and a doomed relationship with a married man, Conrad. She’s lonely, a young teacher back living in her hometown and feeling stuck. I’m vastly interested in the subject of loneliness and how debasing it can be, how it can prompt bad decisions.

Shauna: Quite a number of the stories in the collection are quirky, humorous and spiky short pieces. ‘Fish’ springs to mind – I read that several times and each time found myself smiling, just like the characters. ‘The Donor’ felt like something of the perfect story. However, some of the longer ones leave the reader with a weight of emotion. ‘Squidinky’, for example, in how it looks at grief and connection, and has that universal emotional feel to it:

Mourning is hard work, it is long work; every twenty-four hours is a new lesson in learning the proper way to grieve.

Nuala: I had a plan, back in 2014, to write a book of funny stories, as I was sick of earnestness. But I have a big old melancholic heart so I just wrote what I generally write and some funny stuff crept in. I was pleased, though, that Houman Barekat mentioned the humour in his Irish Times review of the book. Sometimes it feels like an easy, show-offy thing to do so I avoid it, but I embrace it other times. I like bold, dark humour.

Shauna: I loved how you build up the relationship between the young French Hélène and the feisty Irish woman Kitty Boyle in ‘Shut your mouth, Hélène’ – and also how the story is about so much more than that. There’s the movement of peoples – again another theme threaded through the collection – and there’s the consideration of ‘difference’. What inspired this story?

Nuala: The story is based on a song. It had been on my mind for years to tease out the lyrics of Kate and Anna McGarrigle’s ‘Jacques et Gilles’ and try to write a story about it. I didn’t find a way until I had the axe of a deadline to my neck for The Long Gaze Back anthology. I think I hate deadlines, that they’re not a conducive way for me to write but, in fact, they seem to work.

I’m interested in social history, migration and integration and how those things affect people and the song – and now the story – explores that.

Shauna: Many of the stories in this collection have appeared elsewhere and indeed have been translated. Did this have any impact on the order of the published collection and, in particular, on naming it? I have to ask, as well, about the beautiful cover which captures much of the mood of this collection – it draws you in with its eerie airiness and surprises you with the sharp teeth of reality.

Nuala: I try to bookend a collection with stories I like and then mix up the stories in terms of POV, gender of the narrator, length of story and tone. The book’s title, as you see above, came from an eyeshadow.

The cover was designed by Mariel Deegan in New Island. She is very collaborative and the cover went through many iterations and ideas – women in crinoline suspended on strings, the motif of the apple, hot air balloons – but I love the image that we settled on. I’m obsessed with clouds and I love that they’re on my cover.

Shauna: Nuala, you gave a wonderful reading at the Dublin in The Gutter Book Shop, Dublin, Wednesday 14th June. For those who missed that launch and your appearance at the Belfast Book Festival, where else can we hear you read from Joyride to Jupiter?

  • 21st July         Ennis Book Shop – reading with Lisa Carey
  • 28th July         Boyle Arts Festival – with Sinéad Gleeson and Christine Dwyer Hickey
  • 30th July         Fiction at the Friary, Cork – Flash panel w/ Marie Gethins & Denyse Woods
  • 10th August    Farmleigh – reading and panel with Mia Gallagher & John Boyne
  • 18th August    Terryglass Arts Festival, reading and Q&A
  • 15th Sep.         Cork Short Story Festival – with Tania Hershman (Culture Night)
  • 23rd/24th Sep Bray Literary Festival with Alan McMonagle & Catherine Dunne

And now for the opportunity to win a signed copy of Joyride To Jupiter and a  fab ‘jupiter’ purse  (see pics above) – delivered worldwide!  Thanks again to New Island Books. Simply add a comment below along with your name (first name will do) and an email address so we can contact you if you win.  The winner will be picked out of a hat on Monday 24th July at 8pm. 

You can stay in touch with Nuala O’Connor via her blog and website.

 

Martin Malone: Black Rose Days

Black-Rose-Days

Martin, First of all congratulations on the publication, by New Island, of your tenth book Black Rose Days. The title is immediately arresting and, I have to say, the cover strikes me as the perfect match for the story this novel tells.

SG: So tell me about the title. Did you always have it? The motif of the black rose – quite beautifully – is threaded and themed through the novel. Did this come first, along with the title, or, like Stephen King and Carrie, was it only when you’d finished the novel that you were able to sit back and discover the recurring imagery (of which, I should add, the black rose is only one).

Titles can be difficult to decide upon,especially if they’re not organic within the work. It wasn’t with me at the outset. But later I had this image in my head of a young woman and the black tattooed rose just seemed a natural fit for her      personality. I had a loose idea that sub-consciously she was outing what she deep down believed was the colour of her tarnished soul.

SG: Yes, I think Ena’s belief about the darkness within her comes out very clearly in the story. You set the book mainly in Kildare, though we do get an American voice through Irene’s perspective. You’re from Kildare so did you still have a map in your head of how far real hotels, discos, pubs etc were from each other as you wrote the story? And did you have in mind at all the history of the Curragh, and the Curragh Camp? I’m thinking here of the theme of entrapment, and inevitability.

I think I know the Curragh and its surrounding milieu very well, and I have a fondness for the terrain and its characters, not always reflected in my writings.The map in my head was of areas and places no longer extant, or if in existence, much changed. I like to anchor my characters in familiar landscape, as I feel, perhaps sometimes wrongly, that it’s an inroad into breathing authenticity into their nature.

SG: I think you’re right; the landscape in which we exist does impact on who we are – it’s whether we acknowledge this or not that is key to our creative writing. Tell me about the brilliantly executed dual narrative. We have the ghost voice of Ena which is, at times, more real than the voice of the protagonist, Dan. How did you approach these? Did you write one narrative and then the other? And if so, could you tell us a little about piecing them together so that they revealed the whole story at the right pace?

Ena’s voice is strongest, I think, because of the first person past tense narrative, which allowed for an in-depth soul excursion. Dan is written third person present tense, which puts him at a bit of a remove from the microscope. Irene, likewise. The styles are contrasting and the book runs the risk of being  jarring in the sense that the reader has to contend with the different styles at play. It’s an unorthodox crime novel, alien to the concept and genre and not at all formuliac, I think. Ena’s voice gives us her life, but where she is now… she does not mention where –  this was deliberate and to broach it would have meant, I think, another book in its writing. I wanted to work the reader a little,too. Where is Ena? How is she? Is she at peace? This is another mystery at play within the novel – so to solve it a little – well, I would have written something like this:

There is rest after death so as to recuperate from the exhaustion caused to the soul by living: there’s an awakening and a reappraisal then of how one has led his life – there is understanding and compassion and  forgiveness in this, lessons learned and others for the learning, before the rebirth.

Interesting to hear the comments of President Obama on the death of Muhammad Ali – they ran along the lines of that we were blessed that he chose to live among our generation…’He chose.’

SG: The fact that Black Rose Days is unorthodox and has a very literary feel to the writing was what struck me as quite wonderful. But staying with narrative voices. I was particularly taken with the strength of Ena’s voice – and how her story explores the themes of identity (starting with her name), class, privilege, and courage. You said in an Irish Times article that the book isn’t intended as a social reflection yet Ena’s narrative is both reflective and reflexive beyond her years – her keen eye for detail, from Luigi’s “nest of blackheads,” to the benefit of perspective: “Habits have small beginnings” she reflects on remembering when she first drank in a pub. Can you tell us about writing Ena?

Ena is intelligent, acutely observant, curious and naturally rebellious. Her intelligence is not of the sort agreeable to the restraints created by a dysfunctional educational system,  centred on the size of one’s memory to retain information, much of it useless. She has been tainted and evilly blessed by a fiery baptism of blood, a sight and experience for which she received no support, for which there was no support – PTSD.

She has examined the accident in minute detail for years, in her wakening and sleeping moments – she has become accustomed to reading people, not always correctly – this pattern of observation became a survival tool for her. She     tries to read another’s mood, so as to bring herself out of harm’s way. Are there people walking around today who have similar tales to Ena? Yes, sadly too many.Their stories might differ to Ena’s, but their trauma is no less than her’s. Many children grow up too quickly, in order to leave something behind.

In terms of pacing. Not sure about this, if the cadence was spot on, but I went for voice and pace at the outset can be a little off whatever pace the reader might expect and hope for. It’s probably better, definitely for future crime related work, to exit the starter’s block at word one.

As a writer, I want to lift the rock and see what’s underneath. I don’t write about all that I see.

SG: Ah yes, now that you name it – PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), it is so clear how the event that happens at the start of the book set out the path she was to follow. But also layered through this murder mystery is that ultimate question of existence, and how and why we share our lives with others. As you say, it’s about what we don’t see. So, Irene realises at one point that her and Dan had “accepted less because less was much more than they already had” and Dan acknowledges that now Ena “is dead for longer than she had been alive. This happens to us all…”. He remembers his mother saying that “We will all be ancestors one day”. (I loved this line) Can you comment on this?

Human interaction is always interesting to watch/note. Dan and Irene are far from a perfect fit, and their marriage is on the point of collapse when he falls seriously ill. She decides to stay with him. Irene understood something was lacking in the relationship, and though she dealt in the world of spirit, she failed to fully understand Dan and the type of ghost he danced with – his past was his ever-present.You know, I suppose for Irene…I think she was sad at the depth of loneliness she’d felt, despite being alone in the same room with someone she once loved or had come close to loving.

As for ancestors…a while back I brought my son to a stone circle and spoke to him of the rituals associated with these ancient temples, and of their lore and history – the points I’d wanted to impress upon him, without lecturing: respect for all faiths, for the frailty of man, to understand the shortness of your life no matter how long you live. An important lesson I’d wanted him to understand was that of energy/atmosphere – how to tap into the energy of a place, which then becomes more than just a place. It becomes an experience.Culture, folklore and tradition, are dear to me.

SG: It occurs to me that in a way Ena became the embodiment of Kildare, or a type of fictional Kildare within a very real landscape of the Curragh plains. So lastly, Martin, a little about you as a writer and reader. What are you working on now and what books are on your bedside table?

I’ve just finished reading Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress, set in China, and it concerns Mao’s reform policies and their effects on writers, teachers – basically anyone with the capacity to think for themselves and question. Currently reading Of Love and Demons by Gabriel Marquez.

Sitting with a stage play at the moment and wondering if my latest novel, It’s a Murder Story, will pass muster. Other than that, it’s the occasional writing practice session, searching for a rock to peer under.

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Oh! Marquez is one of my go-to writers.

Well, I am sure you’ll find many rocks and write about what may or may not be visible. Thanks, Martin for such engaging answers and I wish you every success with Black Rose Days and look forward to the new novel! 

Martin will be reading from Black Rose Days at his launch on Thursday, 23 June, in Kildare Town Library, Claregate Street. All welcome. You can also follow Martin on his blog

 

Ron Carey on poetry, the power of detail and finding stories

FullSizeRender (22)Today I welcome Ron Carey, whose poetry collection Distance provides a window of wealth, detail and story, one which merits return readings.

Welcome, Ron. I’d like to learn more about you as poet. It wasn’t a straightforward road to publication – with life, and family, and all that involves in between – or perhaps your poet self was waiting for the ‘right’ moment? And that moment came in 2015 with the publication of Distance.

Thank you for having me on your blog Shauna; it’s a real pleasure for me.

Yes, coming to the point where I can justify calling myself a poet has been a journey. As a teenager I wrote with a romantic view of the world, with all brittle intensity of first love. However, this view didn’t hold out under the pressure of a job, paying a mortgage and bringing up four children. Perhaps I didn’t have the skill-set then to move my poetry to the next level. For many years I wrote poems of celebration or of consolation for friends and family at times of birth, marriages and death. Writing these occasional poems, with all the honesty and directness I could manage, became the basis for the way I write today. But I really only started to write seriously, I mean to seriously consider my life in terms of poetry, about five years ago when I began an MPhil at the University of South Wales.

 Tell me about the MPhil in Creative Writing. How did meeting other poets – both emerging and professional – and the workshop process help in the creation of Distance? I’m thinking here of how the collection is structured thematically: divided into parts or sections – ‘Time Travel’, ‘The Beloved’, ‘New Oceans’ and ‘The World Will Break Your Heart’.

To meet such a talented and (to me) very young group of poets at that very first workshop in Wales was quite a shock to the system. My first reaction was, ‘Oh my God! My poetry is nothing like theirs!’ It was some time before I realised that this difference was something to treasure. The workshops and the mentoring of people like Professor Philip Gross, helped to raise the level of my poetry. I began to enter and do well in competitions but at that point I didn’t know these poems would come to make up Distance. When I came to arrange the collection, I saw that I had tackled different aspects of something I am very interested in – distance in time and space – and divided the collection along those lines.

 Your poems touch on detail wonderfully – clothes that echo time and place, body language that brings us deeper into character, and dialogue that captures an age. Those visual details sit sharply against the sound and beat of the poems that sometimes beg to be read aloud. I’m thinking here of the shawl and the lane in ‘Chicken’ and the animals and clip clop as the movement in ‘Moving’, and the words of the son in ‘Fathers and Sons’.

My Aunt Babbie wore a shawl, black as midnight

In a country lane […]

Her legs were gone and she used mine to round-up

The chickens condemned for Saturday’s Market.

Thank you Shauna; these poems get some of the best audience reactions. I believe I would have been able to write these poems as a young man but not in such detail. I would have skipped the detail for the emotional fix. Now I try to use detail to ‘recover the time,’ as Patrick Kavanagh said, and leave the emotions to the reader.

 And that technique works so well, Ron. Also, the passing of time – and of people – is a recurrent theme in the collection. From the very moving and very Irish ‘Letter’, or ‘Upstairs’ to the Amelia set of poems in the exotic ‘New Oceans’ part of Distance. Was this a conscious decision or did the themes present themselves once you had the poems ready?

I do use memory in my poetry to build bridges and reconnect to places and individuals. With the ‘Amelia’ poems in the section ‘New Oceans’ was my attempt to connect to somewhere I knew nothing about but I was sure the I would find the same problems that that we all face. I did quite a lot of research before I wrote anything at all. But once Amelia became a real person to me, the rest of her family simply walked in and introduced themselves.

 How interesting that the rest of her family arrived first! But ordinary life – and death – is here, too. I’m thinking of the rhythms in ‘Clocking Out’ and the unsentimental shock of the moving ‘Burying Angels’.

Writing poetry I am reminded that there is really nothing ‘ordinary’ about life; it is wonderfully immense and though some find no hope in death, yet there is consolation and caring even there. However big the theme, I believe the structure of the poem needs to be obvious and at the same time hidden. In the same way we look at a building; we know that bricks and mortar hold everything together but that’s not what we see when we see a building that is our home. A good poem should be like that.

 You’ve stated that poetry can help bridge the distance between people. Can you talk about that a little – the role of poetry in today’s society where the sound bite is king?

The distance between people in families and communities is a state of mind and therefore subject to change. Good poetry, like good music, gets past the modern defences we have built to keep ourselves safe from being hurt by the outside world. When we read good poetry, the reader and the poet are connected because they identify each other as human. This identification helps bring people closer. I try very hard not to put anything obtuse or complex between myself and the reader.

 Lastly – what’s on your Christmas book wish list?

This has been a great year for poetry in Ireland and I believe I have most of the books launched this year. Here I would like to give a shout out for Breda Wall Ryan’s In a Hare’s Eye (Doire Press) and Jane Clarke’s The River (Bloodaxe). I would like to recommend John F. Deane’s wonderful book Give Dust a Tongue (Columba), it would make a great Christmas present.  If anyone would like a hint, Matthew Sweeney’s latest Inquisition Lane, looks good. At the moment I’m reading T S Eliot’s annotated works – (a birthday present from my wife Cathy) – two wonderful, weighty tomes but impossible to hold upright and read in bed!

 

head shot for book Thank you, Ron for such insightful answers. I look forward to returning to Distance again. 

You can keep up with Ron’s poetry and upcoming readings on www.roncareypoetry.com